Small make up is not a "brick house" in the field of economy, only by chance saw a report about aluminum.Don't know, most transportation, originally is the use of aluminum industry, accounting for 25% of the total aluminum production.And some data about aluminum, believe you are more interested in learning.
* China is the world's largest producer of aluminum, behind Russia, Canada, the United States and the united Arab emirates.
* aluminum can be recycled, recycling aluminum only 5% of the energy you need to use the new aluminum ingot casting, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 92%.
* 4 tons of bauxite can produce 1 ton aluminum, enough for 60000 soft drink cans.
* 8% of the earth's surface from aluminium, the weight of the reserves is higher than iron.
Use in the United States each year * 90 billion aluminum cans, of which 62 billion are recycled, save the energy equivalent to 19 million barrels of crude oil, 1.7 million cars a year enough oil.
Ok, pull so much about aluminum "privacy", I believe you have no longer strange to it.Small make up, of course, also believe that everyone must have heard of the use of aluminum alloy in automotive manufacturing, one of the most common suspension and engine cylinder block are aluminium alloy, the objective is to reduce the weight of key components.
Starting point for this reasons, all aluminum body also arises at the historic moment.
The first full aluminium body from audi Honda?
Believe that everyone heard the audi A8 adopts full aluminium body frame structure (ASF), small make up when remember from the start, I tried to take the magnet to absorb A8 body, found that doesn't attraction, thus to realize full aluminium body magic for the first time.
With ford F150 with whole aluminum body, has the vehicle weight reductions and improved fuel consumption level, the body stiffness is also get a lot of ascension, ford group, Lincoln luxury brand also plans on a pilot model for whole aluminum body, thus will make the car the ford group second use full aluminium body models.
2017 Lincoln navigator models is scheduled for release in the second half of 2016.
Toyota is expected to popularize all aluminum body
Although aluminum high cost than steel, but does not represent the whole aluminum body can only appear in the high-end brand models, and is expected to break the conventional is Toyota.
In the last year, the American media reported that Toyota tsusho will jointly, Japan's third largest steel companies - kobe steel production and heat exchanger of aluminum materials used in car bodies, and to many car companies to provide services such as Europe, America and Japan.In view of the Toyota tsusho and Toyota belong to same group, as a result, Toyota is expected to take the lead in application of the aluminum material, and in its popularity.
In the future, Toyota motor co. 's models using aluminum body, will not only greatly reduce the body weight, fuel consumption will be reduced accordingly.
In the early 1980 s, audi and audi 100 vehicles in 80, the aluminum door has been adopted and then expanding application range;
In 1992, with the aluminum maker Alcoa cooperative development launched on A8 ASF aluminum steel frame;
Audi invest 8 million euros in 1994 to establish aluminum center, now known as "audi aluminum and lightweight design center";
In 2002, the rigidity increase 60% of the second generation of the ASF.
But just before the audi ASF launched in 1989, the whole aluminum were used in Honda NSX car body steel frame.Therefore, Honda and audi still are arguing about who was the first to use aluminium steel car brand.
The advantage and disadvantage of the aluminum in the automobile manufacturing
Today, although has become in the automobile manufacturing aluminum material can not be ignored, but like the audi A8 adopts the whole aluminum body architecture models are still not much.
As noted above, in weight compared to aluminum alloy steel has absolute advantage.
Have expert calculation:
If a car to replace all the steel to aluminum, for vehicle weight reduction of more than 20%.To use the first generation of ASF architecture audi A8, for example, for its full aluminium body weight about 200 kg, occupy the vehicle weight about 10%, so every hundred kilometers can reduce fuel consumption for 1 l.
Whole aluminum body benefits is more than that, because of the lightweight body, the vehicle's performance will be further strengthened, braking performance will also have corresponding ascension.In addition, aluminum "to" performance is more outstanding, in the event of a collision, it will be better than the steel has more obvious advantage of elastic body, to better absorb the impact, reduce the yield of the collision, to protect the safety of the occupants.
Although all the advantages of aluminum body a random number for so many, but the relatively high price of aluminum has become the restriction "aluminum instead of steel" pace.
In addition, aluminum deformation after repair difficulty is greater than steel, aluminum melting point is lower, which restricted the promotion of the whole aluminum body, especially the latter, let the body manufacturing process may have to use the riveting, adhesive or laser welding.
In addition to the audi A8, which models also USES whole aluminum body?
Attention, please. Here is the "whole aluminum body", although is not necessarily 100% aluminum alloy body, but compared to those in the first part or parts of aluminum alloy in terms of models, these car body structure of aluminum alloy material.
The new car jaguar called "all the most pure aluminum body structure".According to introducing, the utilization rate of up to 75% of the aluminum means that it is the inventor of the whole aluminum body a deeper understanding of the meaning of aluminum for car - this is clearly wrestled with audi.
And see the picture below, you will understand, XE compete rivals far more than a audi, as for the specific data, by jaguar statistics, only for ra, reference only.
From models of XE, of course, the application of a variety of aluminum alloy, from covering parts to structure are adopted.Believe that the following a few better than small make up to introduce more detailed and more convincing.
And jaguar land rover of consanguinity, nature is one of the beneficiaries of all aluminum body.
Land rover's fourth generation range to switch to full aluminium body, reduce the body weight than the previous generation 420 kilograms, is equal to the minus the weight of the 5 adults.
Land rover to replace the steel car body materials for aluminum alloy material, and USES the single shell type body, this is the first application in the SUV, unprecedented overcame all aluminum alloy car body through the whole terrain for car body rigidity.
One on either side of the car body stamping forming aluminum alloy coin is the largest single aluminum alloy in automotive history coin car body parts, not only have excellent structural integrity, to provide excellent safety performance for the vehicle occupants, and provide greater flexibility and space design the car.
At last year's Detroit auto show, the 2015 ford F150 shine, and its biggest breakthrough is from all over the use of aluminum body, in the automotive industry is a landmark event.
Although 2015 F - 150 still retains a box chassis design and high strength steel frame, but the external sheet metal pieces of almost all adopt the aluminum alloy material, for the first time in the full-size pickup level or.At the same time, the use of aluminum alloy material is also greatly reduced the weight of the vehicle, the vehicle power performance and fuel economy have obvious improvement.
Every generation of F - 150 USES the new name plate design, 2015 is no exception.Ford officials also specially made explanation, fruity "F" represents the lightweight car body, and "F150" middle "-" means the cancellation of the vehicle more efficiency.